Constituency Name: Kuria East.
Constituency Number: 260.
Constituency Population: 113,541.
Constituency area (app. sq km): 287.5
Current Member of Parliament: Hon. Marwa Kitayama K. Maisori.
Kuria East Constituency was created in 2013 when the larger Kuria District was sub-divided into Kuria West and Kuria East constituencies. It is situated in the southern part of Migori county, borders Transmara to the North-East and the Republic of Tanzania to the South. The Constituency covers an area of 287.5 km2.
The Constituency has a population density of 522 persons per square Kilometre. The population is expected to increase to 621 persons per square km by 2019 and 700 by 2022. One of the districts of Kuria East Constituency, Ntimaru has more agricultural potential, as well as the highest population density of 607 persons per square km, while Kegonga has a density of 446 persons per square Km. The Constituency has three(3) main trading centres: Kegonga, Masangora and Ntimaru.
The Constituency has an altitude of 1,400m above the sea level, with undulating hills interspaced with a few stretches of flat land . Some of the hills found in the Constituency include: Gwitembe, Chinato, Masangora, Maeta and Nyamaganga hills in Kegonga Sub County. The hill slopes are suitable for growing crops like: coffee, maize, sorghum, onions, cabbages, bananas and millet.
The Constituency has no lakes, but there are a number of man-made dams distributed in the wards. These dams provide a high potential for subsistence farming. The Constituency is not well endowed in surface and sub-surface water resources because the compact layer type of soil prevents rain-water from percolating into the ground. As a result, run-off is high, causing the rivers to flood, though only for a few hours and then to ebb to their original trickle.
Kuria East Constituency has an inland-modified tropical equatorial type of climate. This is modified by the effect of relief, which ranges between 1,400 and 1,887 above the sea level, and the influence of Lake Victoria. The district receives bi-modal rainfall, with peaks in April and November. Dry seasons are between December and February.
Annual rainfall averages between 1,500mm and 2,600mm per year. The temperatures are generally warm and rarely fall below 180C. Annual temperatures range between 270C and 310C. The hottest month is January and the coldest month is April. The climate is suitable for various crops such as maize, coffee, tobacco and horticultural crops.
Farming is mainly small scale & is widely practiced as there are no large scale farms in the Constituency.
Forestry and Environment.
The only gazetted forests in the Constituency are Kegonga forest with an area of 8.6ha and Maeta forest. The Sub County Executive Committee has resolved to have six more forests gazetted; Nyaitara forest (11.2ha), Kebaroti forest (5.0ha), Nyandwi forest (17.5ha), Makararangwe forest (17.6ha) and Nyakehomo forest (2.0ha). Although the climate of the Constituency favors the growth of natural forests, to a large extent such forests have virtually been depleted for fuel, timber and construction purposes. This calls for further gazettement of forests and promotion of commercial forestry to enhance protection of water catchment areas and the Environment.
Although natural resources like sand and stones are scattered in a few places within the Constituency, no huge commercial exploitation has been undertaken. Sand is exploited on commercial levels and is found in most parts of the Constituency.